Likewise, breakdown in knowledge management is a key reason for Athenian military failures in the latter part of the war. Herodotus wrote that the name OlorusThucydides's father's name, was connected with Thrace and Thracian royalty. So far so good, but in the next clause it becomes clear that policy decisions on competing AoyoL-the language of 2.
In or Pericles carried a law confining Athenian citizenship to those of Athenian parentage on both sides. Harvard Studies in Classical Philology.
In the case of conflicting or unlikely accounts, he presents both sides, says what he believes and then invites readers to decide for themselves.
That Pericles was known to kiss her on leaving for and returning from work gave rise to speculation about her influence on him and, thus, on Athenian politics.
Philosophical outlook and influences[ edit ] Paul Shorey calls Thucydides "a cynic devoid of moral sensibility". Knowledge and Counterknowledge Thucydides knew that Athenian democracy was based on open deliberation and voting and recognized this as a distinctive way of gaining knowledge about the world and acting upon that knowledge.
It cannot be determined whether the glamour of the project had completely caught Athenian imagination or whether Pericles was now simply thought to be indispensable. From him Pericles may have inherited a leaning toward the people, along with landed property at Cholargus, just north of Athens, which put him high, though not quite at the highest level, on the Athenian pyramid of wealth.
During the winter of — BC, the Spartan general Brasidas attacked Amphipolisa half-day's sail west from Thasos on the Thracian coast, instigating the Battle of Amphipolis. Though many lay unburied, birds and beasts would not touch them, or died after tasting them [ On the irrelevance of the Corcyrean navy in the rest of the narrative see Gomme, To maintain a state, said the Florentine thinker, "a statesman is often compelled to act against faith, humanity and religion".
I propose that the conundrum is best explained by assum- ing that from the late fifth through the late fourth century B.
The next two clauses of the passage, which should explain and clarify The self-subversive quality of the Funeral Oration is not limited to the the referent 7fOALTEia, are spectacularly antithetical. Words and facts often collide in his text; men e. Buryhowever, have noted parallels between them: In this article, I examine specifically the vision of courage offered by Pericles in Thucydides' History.
But even while claiming to base its praise of Athenian exceptional- Thucydides' text between narrative and speeches frequently questions ity on the clearest proofs cf.
WEA conjoins diverse kinds of expertise through a time-sensitive process of deliberation and voting.
Such readings often described Xenophon's treatises as attempts to "finish" Thucydides's History. Although he apparently did not belong to the extreme wing of the Athenian oligarchic clubs who conspired throughout the war with the enemy, he was certainly a member of the oligarchic party, and a friend neither of the Athenian people, the demos, who had exiled him, nor of its imperialist policy.
Leo Strauss in The City and Man locates the problem in the nature of Athenian democracy itself, about which, he argued, Thucydides had a deeply ambivalent view: And if someone is worthy generations will be amazed at these monuments to Athenian power.
Occasionally, however, strong passions break through, as in his scathing appraisals of the democratic leaders Cleon   and Hyperbolus. Once exiled, Thucydides took permanent residence in the estate and, given his ample income from the gold mines, he was able to dedicate himself to full-time history writing and research, including many fact-finding trips.
Political and military achievements There was a break in tensions for the moment. On democratic hegemony see Ober If the Athenians do ally with Corcyra, speakers is evident: As he makes clear at 1. According to Pausaniassomeone named Oenobius was able to get a law passed allowing Thucydides to return to Athens, presumably sometime shortly after the city's surrender and the end of the war in BC.
Third, speakers were interested parties, ent, and his long discursus 1. Although it requires that decision-makers share common knowledge on substantial matters, WEA offers a realistic approach to epistemic-democratic decision-making by long-lived purposeful organizations.
The philosophic writers emphasized the split by turning the distinction around. Because the members of the audience in this example are implicit assumptions about the importance of power and self-interest.
Throughout, the speech is dominated by a vision of the greatness of Our power [ovvaJ. VVv aj30vAia Kat "necessity" 1. Whereas there is a danger in assessing Thucydides’ political views through biographies, (Maitland.
Marcellinus’ Life of Thucydides: Criticism and Criteria in the Biographical. The Classical Quarterly, 46, 2, if Thucydides sees faults in democracy, perhaps his favour lies with another form of political government; the problem.
6 Thucydides'Criticism ofDemocratic Knowledge Josiah Ober I BEGIN WITH A QUANDARY that is very familiar to Martin Ostwald: Classical Athens saw the invention ofboth democracy and political the.
Thucydides points out the government (TO OlKELV) favors the interests of the majority (E~ 7fAEiova~) that if future generations were to judge by the physical magnificence of the rather than of the few (E~ oAiyov~).
Nomodeiktes Thucydides' Criticism of Democratic Knowledge 95 As modern readers now know.
Pericles: Pericles, Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece.
Athenian Identity and Civic Ideology ~ EDITED BY Alan·L. Boegehold AND democratic knowledge and underlie Athens'civic ideology. pattern in the text is significant from the perspective of criticism of de mocracy. As Thucydides has explained, most Athenians believe silly.
NOTES ON TRANSLATION CRITICISM sources: House ‘Quality’, House Model, Newmark Textbook A criticism of a translation is different from a review of a translation.Thucydides criticism of democratic knowledge